History 831,
Fall 2007

Professor: Johann Sommerville
5214 Humanities
E-Mail: jsommerv@wisc.edu
Class meets: 5245 Humanities, 3:30-5:30 on Mondays.
Office Hours: Mondays 1;15-3:15 and by appointment.

(1) Requirements: students will write 2  papers of 10-15 pages each, due 10/15 and 12/10; you can send me the papers as email attachments; choose topics from the reading list(s) or discuss them with me.
The papers will count for 30% each. Everyone will give a presentation (lasting approx. 20 minutes); this will count for 15%.
Your papers should not be on the same topic as your presentation. Contributions to discussion will count for 25%.

(2) Reading: below, under (4) Topics for Discussion, and Readings, there are readings for each class. In order to prepare for your papers, you could use those readings, but you might also consult this larger Booklist, which covers a broader range of topics than we will have time to discuss in class. The big list is also available, in a printer-friendly version (courtesy of David Gehring, Esq., M.A., A.B.D.) The big list also has suggestions for textbooks and other helpful guides and resources.

(3) Other Useful Information is available  on the 123 (Wars of the Roses onwards), 361 and 367 websites.

(4) Topics for Discussion, and Readings, Fall 2007: Reformations and the State 1500-1689:

The following is a list of the topics and readings for each week this semester. Many items are available online, while others will be in a Course Packet or placed on reserve. We will discuss arrangements for sharing materials when we meet on Monday 9/10. At that meeting, we will also arrange who presents on what topic. Please borrow reserved materials for no longer than 3 hours at a time to ensure that everyone has access to materials. And finally, many thanks to Lesley Skousen and Chanda Halderman for all their hard work in putting together the list, tracking down electronic copies, etc.


Week One (9/17):  The Pre-Conditions of the Reformation in England and Print Culture

Primary Sources:
1. Excerpts from: Lollards of Coventry 1486-1522. McSheffrey, Shannon and Norman Tanner, eds. Royal Historical Society, Camden Series: Cambridge University Press, December 2003. (Course Packet)
Secondary Sources:
1. Heath, Peter. The English Parish Clergy on the Eve of the Reformation. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1969, 27 – 135. (On Reserve)
2. Aston, Margaret. “Lollardy and the Reformation: Survival or Revival?” History 49 (1964): 149 – 170.  (Online: JSTOR)
3. Shagan’s Politics and the English Reformation “Introduction” (2003), pp. 1-25 (On reserve)
4. Jenny Wormald, “The Pre-Reformation Church” in Court, Kirk and Community.  1981, pp. 75-94 (On reserve)
5. John N King, “The Light of Printing: William Tyndale, John Day, and Early Modern Print Culture.” Renaissance Quarterly, 54 (2001). pp. 52-85. (Online: JSTOR)
6. Diarmaid MacCulloch, “The Myth of the English Reformation” Journal of British Studies, vol. 30 (1991), pp 1-19. (Online: JSTOR)
7. Eamon Duffy. The Stripping of the Altars: Traditional Religion in England, 1400-1580. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005. (2nd edition), Chapter 11: 377-423. (On Reserve)


Week Two (9/24): Henry VIII and his faith, Catherine of Aragon, and anti-clericalism     

Primary Sources:
1. Henry VIII, “Assertio Septem Sacramentorum
2. Simon Fish, Supplication for the Beggars

Secondary Sources:
1. Bernard, George W. 'The making of religious policy, 1533-1546 : Henry VIII and the search for the middle way'. Historical Journal, 41 (1998), 321-49 (online: JSTOR)
2. Bernard, George W.  “The Divorce” in The King’s Reformation: Henry VIII and the Remaking of the English Church, pp. 1-67. (On reserve)
3. Virginia Murphy.  “The literature and propaganda of Henry VIII’s First Divorce” in MacCulloch, Diarmaid, The Reign of Henry VIII: Politics, Policy, and Piety. Palgrave: 1995, pp. 135-158.  (Course Packet)
4. Bernard, George W. 'The fall of Wolsey reconsidered'. Journal of British Studies, 35 (1996) pp277-310 (Online: JSTOR)          
5. Newcomb, DG.  Henry VIII and the English Reformation.  Lancaster Pamphlets: 1995, pp. 1-85.  (On reserve)
6. Christopher Haigh, “Anticlericalism and the English Reformation”, History, 68 (1983), 391-407. (Online: JSTOR)
7. AG Dickens, “Three Respective Enquiries: Anticlericalism, Catholic and Protestant” in Chapter 13 of his second edition, 1991, pp. 316-324 (Course Packet)
8. Andrew Pettegree, "Printing and the Reformation: The English exception", in Peter Marshall and Alec Ryrie eds., The Beginnings of English Protestantism, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002, 157-187 (Course Packet.)


Week Three (10/1): Henry VIII, Anne Boleyn, and Jane Seymour: the Break with Rome

Primary Sources:
1. Act of Submission of the Clergy and the Restraint of Appeals (1534); Supremacy Act (1534)
2. Proclamation Against Erroneous Books (1530)
Secondary Sources:
1. David Starkey, Reign of Henry VIII: Personalities and Politics on Anne Boleyn and Thomas Cromwell.  (On reserve.)
2. Bernard, George W.  “The Reformation Statutes” in The King’s Reformation: Henry VIII and the Remaking of the English Church, p. 67-224. (On reserve)
3. Shagan, Politics and the English Reformation, “Schismatics now be plain heretics” pp29-60 (On reserve)
4. Keller, Clare, “England’s Break with Rome and the Scottish Dimension.” Scotland, England, and the Reformation, 1534-1561.”  Oxford: 2003, pp11-46.  (On Reserve)
5. JJ Scarisbrick, “The Pardon of the Clergy, 1531” Cambridge Historical Journal, Vol 12, No 1 (1956), pp. 22-39 (Online: JSTOR)
6. C Haigh, 'The recent historiography of the English Reformation' Historical Journal 25 (1982) (Online: JSTOR)


Week Four (10/8): Henry VIII, Popular Reaction, the Dissolutions, and the Conservative Turn

Primary Sources:
1. Act Dissolving the Greater Monasteries (1539)
(towards the end of the page)
2. The Will of Henry VIII
3.  Catherine Parr, Lamentations of a Sinner (skim)
4.  Act of Six Articles  

Secondary Sources: 
1. Shagan, Politics and the English Reformation, “Anticlericalism, popular politics, and the Henrician Reformation” pp 131-161 and “Selling the Sacred: Reformation and Dissolution at the Abbey of Hailes” pp 162-196 (On Reserve)
2. Kathleen Cooke, “The English Nuns and the Dissolution” in The Cloister and the World, ed by John Clair and Brian Golding.  Oxford: 1996, pp. 287-301. (Course Packet)
3. RW Hoyle, “The Origins of the Dissolution of the Monasteries” Historical Journal, vol. 38 No 2 (1995), pp. 275-305 (Online: JSTOR)
4. P Haugaard, “Katherine Parr: The Religious Convictions of a Renaissance Queen” in Renaissance Quarterly 22 (1969) 346-59 (Online: JSTOR)
5. Eamon Duffy, “The Conservative Voice in the English Reformation” in Christianity and Community ed by Simon Ditchfield.  (2001), pp. 87-105.  (Course Packet)
6. Ives, “Henry VIII’s Will” Historical Journal, 37 (1994) 901-14 (Online: JSTOR)
7. Ralph Houlbrooke, “Henry VIII’s Will” Historical Journal, 37 (1994) 891-899 (Online: JSTOR)
8. Rory McEntegart, “Towards an Ideological Foreign Policy: Henry VIII and Lutheran Germany, 1531-1547” in Susan Doran and Glenn Richardson, eds.  Tudor England and Its Neighbours pp. 74-100.  (On Reserve)
9. Susan Brigden, “Popular Disturbance and the Fall of Thomas Cromwell and the Reformers, 1539-1540” The Historical Journal, Vol. 24 No 2 (1981), pp. 257-278 (Online: JSTOR)
8.  Cummings, Brian. 'Iconoclasm and bibliophobia in the English Reformations, 1521-1558'. In Dimmick, Jeremy; Simpson, James; Zeeman, Nicolette (ed.), Images, Idolatry, and Iconoclasm in Late Medieval England. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002), 185-206 (Course Packet)
9.  Diane Willen, “Women and Religion in Early Modern England” in Women in Reformation and Counter-Reformation Europe ed by Sherrin Marshall, pp. 140-165. (Course Packet)


Week Five (10/15): The Edwardian Reformation and the Marian Counter-Reformation

Primary Sources:
1. The First Act of Uniformity (1549) and the Second Act of Uniformity (1552)
2. Thomas Cranmer, "Answer to the Fifteen Articles of the Devon Rebels" (Course Packet)
3. The first statute of Repeal (1553)
4. Jane Grey, “Iane, by the grace of God Quene of England, Fraunce and Ireland, defendor of the faith, & the Church of Engalnde, & also of Irelande under Christ in earth the supreme head to al our most louing faithfull, and obedient suiects, and to euery of them greting.” 1553.  (EEBO)

Secondary Sources:
1. Diarmaid MacCulloch, “King Josiah: Purifying the Realm” and “King Solomon: Building the Temple” in The Boy King: Edward VI and the Protestant Reformation.  Palgrave: 2002. pp157-257 (On Reserve)
2. Ethan Shagan, Popular Politics and the English Reformation, “The English People and the Edwardian Reformation” pp. 270-304 (On Reserve)
3.  Claire Cross, “Protestant Advance and Popular Reaction” in Church and People: England 1450-1660, pp. 68-85.  (On Reserve)
4. Eamon Duffy and David Loades, eds.  The Church of Mary Tudor (2006)  pp. 33-56, 124-136, 201-257, and 309-333  (On Reserve)
            “The Marian Episcopate” David Loades
            “The Clergy, the Church Courts, the Marian Restoration in Norwich” Ralph Houlbrooke
            “Spanish Religious Influence in Marian England” John Edwards
            “The Marian Restoration and the Mass” Lucy Wooding
            “The Persecution in Kent” Patrick Collinson
5. Rex Pogson. “Reginald Pole and the priorities of government in Mary Tudor’s Church,” in Historical Journal, 18 (1975), pp. 3-20.  (Online: JSTOR)
6. Ronald Vander Molen, “Anglican against Puritan: Ideological Origins during the Marian Exile” in Church History Vol 42 (1973) pp. 45-57 (Online: JSTOR)


Week Six (10/22): Elizabethan Religious Settlement, Act of Uniformity, and Protestant Sects

Primary Sources:
1. Act of Uniformity (1559); Act of Settlement (1559); Treasons Act (1571); Act Prohibiting Bulls From Rome (1571); Act against Sectaries (1593); and Act against Papists (1593)
2. 39 Articles
3. Selections of: The Marprelate Tracts
a. The Epistle
b. The Epitome
Secondary Sources:
1. Cross, M. Claire. “The Elizabethan Church: Settlement and Separation” in Church and People: England 1450-1660, pp. 107-132.  (On Reserve)
2 MacMillan, Ken R. 'Zurich reform and the Elizabethan settlement of 1559'.  Anglican and Episcopal History, 68:3, (1999). pp. 285-311.  (Course Packet)
3. Carole Levin, Heart and Stomach of a King, “Elizabeth as Sacred Monarch” pp10-38 [28pp] (Online: Available through MadCat and NetLibrary)
4. Bowers, Roger.  “The Chapel Royal, the Edwardian Prayer Book, and the Elizabethan Settlement” in Historical Journal 43:2 (2000). (Online: JSTOR)
5. Coffey, John.  “Elizabeth I and Protestant Uniformity, 1558-1603” in Persecution and Toleration in Protestant England, 1558-1689, Longman: 2000, pp. 78-109. (On Reserve)
6. Peter Lake and Michael Questier, “Agency, Appropriation and Rhetoric under the Gallows: Puritans, Romanists, and the state in early modern England” in Past and Present, 153 (1996), pp. 64-107.  (Online: JSTOR)
7. Christopher Carter, “The Family of Love and Its Enemies.” Sixteenth Century Journal 37, (Fall 2006) 651-672.  (Course Packet)
8. Nigel Goose & Lin Lieu, eds.  Immigrants in Tudor and Early Stuart England.  “The Strangers, their Churches and the Continent: Continuing and Changing Connexions” (2006), 177-191 (Course Packet)
9. Christopher Haigh, “Success and Failure in the English Reformation” Past and Present No 173 (2001), pp28-49 (Online: JSTOR)
10. John F Hurst, “The Elizabethan Settlement of the Church of England” The American Journal of Theology Vol 3 No 4 (1899), pp. 679-694 (Online: JSTOR)
11.  Hirofumi Horie, “The Lutheran Influence on the Elizabethan Settlement, 1558-1563” The Historical Journal, Vol 34 No 3 (1991) pp. 519-537 (Online: JSTOR)
12. Jones, Norman Leslie. 'Religious settlements'. In Tittler, Robert; Jones, Norman Leslie (ed.), A companion to Tudor Britain (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 2004), 238-53 (Course Packet)


Week Seven (10/29): Elizabeth and the Catholic Threat

Primary Sources:
1. Letters between Elizabeth, Norfolk, and Mary Queen of Scots in Elizabeth I: Collected Works (On reserve)
2. Sempill, Robert, 1530?-1595.  "Ane new ballet set out be ane fugitiue Scottisman that fled out of Paris at this lait murther"  (an account of the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre), EEBO

Secondary Sources:
1. Robert White, “The Cultural Impact of the Massacre of St Bartholomew’s Day” in Early Modern Civil Discourses, ed by Jennifer Richards, 2003, pp. 183-199.  (Course Packet)
2. AG Dickens, “Elizabethans and St Bartholomew” in Reformation Studies, pp 471-490 (Course Packet)
3. Tudor England and its Neighbours: on Spain (pp178-202) and on Foreign Policy (pp235-266) (On Reserve)
4. Peter Holmes, “Religious Resistance” Resistance and Compromise (1982), pp. 81-128 (On Reserve)
5. McCoog, Thomas M. 'The English Jesuit mission and the French match, 1579-1581'. Catholic Historical Review, 87:2 (2001), 185-213
6. Marie B Rowlands, “Recusant Women, 1560-1640” in Women in English Society ed by Mary Prior (1985) pp149-175 (Course Packet)
7. Kesselring, Krista.  'Mercy and Liberality : The Aftermath of the 1569 Northern Rebellion'. History, pp. 213-235. (Online: FINDIT)
8. John Larocca “Popery and Pounds: the effect of the Jesuit Mission on Penal Legislation” in The Reckoned Expense, pp. 249-263 (Course Packet)
9. Joseph Kerman, “Music and Politics: The Case of William Byrd (1540-1623)” in Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 144:3 (2000), pp. 274-286.  (Online)
10. Michael Questier, 'Elizabeth and the Catholics', in Ethan H. Shagan ed., Catholics and the 'protestant nation': religious politics and identity in early modern England, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2005, 69-94. (Course Packet)


Week Eight (11/05): Scotland  

Primary Sources:
1. The First Blast of the Trumpet against the Monstrous Regiment of Women, 1558.
2. The Scots Confession of 1560
3. A Brief Exhortation to England, for the Speedy Embracing of the Gospel
Heretofore by the Tyranny of Mary Suppressed and Banished

Secondary Sources:
1. Alec Ryrie, The Origins of the Scottish Reformation.  Manchester: 2006.  “The Crisis of 1543”; “1544-1550: Imperial Reformation”; “1549-1559: Catholic Reformation”; “1543-1559: Underground Reformation”; and “1557-1559: the Makings of a Rebellion”, pp53-161.  (On reserve)
2. R Healey, “Waiting for Deborah: John Knox and Four Ruling Queens” Sixteenth Century Journal (1994) pp371-386 (Online: JSTOR)
3. Richard Greaves “John Knox, the Reformed Tradition, and Development of Resistance Theory” in The Journal of Modern History, vol 48 (1976), pp. 1-36 (Online: JSTOR)
4. Jenny Wormald, Court, Kirk and Community, 1981, pp 95-176 (On Reserve)
5. Clare Keller, “This Common Cause of Christ and Liberty.” Scotland, England, and the Reformation, 1534-1561.  Oxford: 2003, pp. 184-219. (On Reserve)
6. W Stanford Reid, “John Knox’s Theology of Political Government” Sixteenth Century Journal, Vol 19 No 4 (1988), pp 529-540 (Online: JSTOR)
7. Felch, Susan M. 'The rhetoric of biblical authority : John Knox and the question of women'. Sixteenth Century Journal, 26 (1995), 805-22.  (Online)


Week Nine (11/12): James I, religion, and Catholics

Primary Sources:
1. Oath of Allegiance
2. James I and VI, “Triplici Nodo, Triplex Cuneus. Or an Apologie for the Oath of Allegiance”
(EEBO) (online)
3. Millenary Petition
4. Excerpts from William Barlow's The summe and substance of  the conference which, it pleased his excellent maiestie to have with  the lords bishops, and other of his cleargie, (at which the most of  the lordes of the councell were present) in his maiesties privie-chamber, at Hampton Court" (EEBO)  (pages tba)
5. "Dr. Montgue's Letter to his Mother, concerning the Conference at Hampton-Court"
ECCO, 13-15.

Secondary Sources:
1. Peter Lake, ‘Anti-Popery: the structure of a prejudice’, in R Cust and A. Hughes eds, Conflict in Early Stuart England (London, 1989) pp 72-97 (On Reserve)
2. Michael Questier. 'Conformity, Catholicism and the law'. in Lake, Peter; Questier, Michael C. (ed.), Conformity and orthodoxy in the English church, c.1560-1660 (Princeton, 2000) pp 237-61. (On Reserve)
3. Roger Lockyer, ‘The Roman Catholics in England 1603-1642’, in The Early Stuarts (London, 1999) pp 191-211 (On Reserve)
4. C. Haigh, ‘From Monopoly to Minority:  Catholicism in Early Modern England’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society (1981), volume 31, pp 129-47 (Online: JSTOR)
5. Kenneth Fincham and Peter Lake, ‘The Ecclesiastical Policy of King James I, Journal of British Studies, 24 (1985) pp 169-207 (Online: JSTOR)
6. Patrick Collinson, ‘The Jacobean Religious Settlement: The Hampton Court Conference’, in Howard Tomlinson ed., Before the English Civil War. London; 1983 p 27-51 (Course Pack)
7.  Jenny Wormald, ‘Gunpowder, Treason and Scots’, Journal of British Studies, XXIV, Chicago, 1985) pp 141-68  (Online: JSTOR)
8.  Simon Adams, ‘The Gunpowder Plot: Terror and Toleration in 1605’. History Today, 55:11 (2005) pp. 10-17 (Online: ProQuest)
9. Anthony Milton, ‘The Church of England, Rome and the true Church: the demise of a Jacobean consensus’, In Fincham, Kenneth (ed.), The early Stuart Church, 1603-1642 (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1993), 187-210 (On Reserve)
10. Peter Lake, ‘Calvinism and the English Church 1570-1635’, Past and Present, 114 (1987) pp 32-76 (Online: JSTOR)
11.  J.P. Sommerville, "The 'new art of lying:' equivocation, mental reservation and casuistry," in E. Leites, ed., Conscience and casuistry in early modern Europe, Cambridge University Press 1998., 159-84. (via email)
12.  J.P. Sommerville, "Papalist Political Thought and the Controversy over the Jacobean Oath of Allegiance" in Ethan H. Shagan, ed., Catholics and the Protestant Nation, Manchester and New York, Manchester University Press, 2005, 162-84.


Week Ten (11/19): Laud, Arminianism, Charles I, and his Catholic Queen

Primary Sources:
1. Selections from New Gagg for an Old Goose, Richard Montagu (eebo) (pages tba)
2. Decree of the Clergy on Regal Power (1640)
3. The Act Abolishing the Temporal Powers of the Clergy (1641)
(about halfway down the page)
Secondary Sources:
1. Roger Lockyer, ‘The Caroline Church’ in The Early Stuarts London: 1999, pp 212-226 (on reserve)
2. Peter White, ‘The Rise of Arminianism reconsidered’, Past and Present, 101 (1983) pp 34-54 (Online: JSTOR)
3. Tyacke, Nicholas. 'The rise of Arminianism reconsidered'; followed by "A rejoinder" by Peter White]. Past & Present, 115 (1987), 201-29 (Online: JSTOR)
4. Nicholas Tyacke, ‘Puritanism, Arminianism, and counter-revolution’, in R. Cust and A. Hughes eds., The English Civil War  (London, 1997) pp 136-159 (Course Pack)
5. Anthony Milton, ‘The creation of Laudianism:  a new approach’, in Thomas Cogswell, Richard Cust, and Peter Lake eds., Politics, Religion, and Popularity in Early Stuart Britain (Cambridge, 2002)  pp 162-184 (Course Packet)
6. Sharpe, Kevin M. 'Archbishop Laud'. In Todd, Margo (ed.), Reformation to revolution : politics and religion in early modern England (London & New York: Routledge, 1995), 71-77. (Online via MADCAT)
7. Andrew Foster, ‘Church Politics of the 1630s’, in R. Cust and A. Hughes eds, Conflict in Early Stuart England (London, 1989) (On Reserve)
8. Lake, Peter. 'The Laudian style : order, uniformity and the pursuit of the beauty of holiness in the 1630s'. In Fincham, Kenneth (ed.), The early Stuart Church, 1603-1642 (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1993) pp 161-185 (On Reserve)
9. Smuts, Robert Malcolm. 'The Puritan followers of Henrietta Maria in the 1630s'. English Historical Review, 93 (1978), 26-45 (Online: JSTOR)
10. Alexandra Walsham, "The Parochial Roots of Laudianism Revisited: Catholics, Anti-Calvinists and 'Parish Anglicans' in Early Stuart England", Journal of Ecclesiastical History 49:4, 1998. (Online)
11. J.F. Merritt, "The Cradle of Laudianism? Westminster Abbey, 1558-1630," Journal of Ecclesiastical History 52:4, 2001. (Online: Cambridge University Press via MadCat)


Week Eleven (11/26): Religion and the Outbreak of War

Primary Sources: 
Thomas Edwards, "Gangreana: Or a Catalogue and Discovery of Many of the Errours, Heresies, and Blasphemies and Pernicious Practices of the Sectaries of this Time", Part One only, EEBO

Secondary Sources:
1. J.S. Morrill, ‘The Religious Context of the English Civil War’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 5th Series, 34 (1984) (Online: JSTOR)
2. A. Hughes, ‘Religion, 1640-1660’ in Barry Coward ed, A Companion to Stuart Britain (Oxford, 2004) pp 350-372 (Course Packet)
3. Trubowitz, Rachel. 'Female preachers and male wives : gender and authority in civil war England'. In Holstun, James (ed.), Pamphlet wars : prose in the English revolution ( 1992), 112-33 (Course Packet)
4. Lamont, William. 'The religious origins of the English civil war'. In Schochet, Gordon J.; Tatspaugh, P. E.; Brobeck, Carol (ed.), Religion, Resistance, and Civil War : Papers presented at the Folger Institute Seminar 'Political thought in Early Modern England, 1600-1660' (Proceedings of the Folger Institute Center for the History of British Political Thought, 3) (Washington (DC), 1990), 1-11 (Course Packet)
5. Fletcher, Anthony John. 'New light on religion and the English Civil War' [Review article]. Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 38 (1987), 95-106 (On Reserve)
6. Lamont, William. 'The religious origins of the English Civil War : two false witnesses'. In Trim, David J. B.; Balderstone, Peter J. (ed.), Cross, crown & community : religion, government, and culture in early modern England, 1400-1800 (Oxford: Peter Lang, 2004), 177-96 (On Reserve)
7. Reay, Barry. 'Radicalism and religion in the English revolution'. In Reay, Barry; McGregor, J. F. (ed.), Radical religion in the English revolution (Oxford, 1984), 1-22 (Course Packet)
9. Jacqueline Eales, ‘Provincial preaching and allegiance in the First English Civil War (1640-6)’, in R. Cust and A. Hughes eds, Conflict in Early Stuart England (London, 1989) 185-210 (On Reserve)
10. Hughes, Ann, 1951-. 'The frustrations of the godly'. In Morrill, John Stephen, (ed.), Revolution and Restoration: England in the 1650s ( 1992), 70-90. (On Reserve)
11. Crawford, Patricia. 'The challenges to patriarchalism : how did the revolution affect women?'. In Morrill, John Stephen, (ed.), Revolution and Restoration : England in the 1650s (1992), 112-28 (On Reserve)
12. Glenn Burgess, "Was the English Civil War a War of Religion?  The Evidence of Political Propaganda", Huntington Library Quarterly, 61:2, 1998. (Online: JSTOR)


Week Twelve (12/03): Puritanism, Cromwell, and the Restoration

Primary Sources:
1. Cromwell, Oliver. A Proclamation on Religion, 15 February 1655. In The Writings and Speeches of Oliver Cromwell. Edited by Willam Abbot. Vol. 3. Cambridge, 1937-1947. 626-627.  
(On Reserve)
2. Ben Israel, Menasseh. To his Highnesse The Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland. 1651.
3. The Humble Petition and Advice (1657)
4.  Selected texts of the Levellers

Secondary Sources:
1. Davis, Colin. “Cromwell’s Religion.” In Cromwell and the Interregnum. Edited by David L. Smith. Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishing, 2003. 139 – 166. (Course Packet)
2. Firth, Charles. Cromwell’s Army. 4th ed. London: Meethon & Co., 1962. 311 – 345. (Course Packet)
3. Gentles, Ian. The New Model Army in England, Ireland, and Scotland 1645 – 1653. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 1992. 87 – 119. (Course Packet)
4. Hirst, Derek. “The Failure of Godly Rule in the English Republic.” Past and Present 132 (1991): 33 – 66. (Online: JSTOR)
5. Worden, Blair. “Toleration and the Cromwellian Protectorate.” Persecution and Toleration: Studies in Church History. Edited by W.J. Sheils. Oxford, 1984. 199 – 235. (Course Packet)
6. Katz, David. Jews in the History of England 1485-1850. Oxford: 1994. 107-144. (Course Packet)
7.  John Coffey, “The Puritan Revolution, 1640-1660” in Persecution and Toleration in Protestant England 1558-1689, pp. 134-165. (On Reserve)
8. Lake, Peter; Como, David R. '"Orthodoxy" and its discontents : dispute settlement and the production of "consensus" in the London (Puritan) "underground"'. Journal of British Studies, 39:1 (2000), 34-70. (Online: JSTOR)
9. Peacey, Jason. 'Cromwellian England : A Propaganda State?'. History, 91:302 (2006), 176-99.


Week Thirteen (12/10): 1688 and Toleration

Primary Source:
Act of Toleration, 1689 (halfway down the page)
Secondary Sources:
1.  H Trevor-Roper, “Religious toleration after 1688” in From Counter Reformation to Glorious Revolution (1992)  pp. 267-286  [20] – (On Reserve)
2. J Spurr, “The Church of England, Comprehension and the Toleration Act of 1689” in English Historical Review (1989), pp927-46 [19pp] – (Online: JSTOR)
3. J.P. Sommerville, "Conscience, Law, and Things Indifferent:  Arguments on Toleration from the Vestian Controversy to Hobbes and Locke," in Harald Braun and Edward Vallance, eds., Contexts of Conscience in Early Modern Europe, 1500-1700, Houndmills, Palgrave Macmillan, 2004, 166-79. (13pp)  (Via Email)
4. John Coffey, “The Restoration, 1660-1688” in Persecution and Toleration in Protestant England 1558-1689, pp. 166-196 [30pp] (On Reserve)
5. Jacqueline Rose, "John Locke, 'Matters Indifferent,' and the Restoration of the Church of England", Historical Journal, 48:3 (2005) (Online: FINDIT)
6. Christopher Brooke, "How the Stoics became Atheists" Historical Journal, 49:2 (2006) 601-621 (Online: FINDIT)  
7. Mark Goldie, “John Locke and Anglican Royalism” in Political Studies 31 (1983), pp. 61-85 [24pp] (On Reserve)
8. Mark Goldie, “The Theory of Religious Intolerance in Restoration England” in Ole Grell et al, eds.  From Persecution to Toleration: The Glorious Revolution and Religion in England.  OUP: 1991, [24pp] (On Reserve)
9. Gary S De Krey, “Rethinking the Restoration: Dissenting Cases for Conscience, 1667-1672” in Historical Journal, 38 (1995) pp. 53-83.  [30pp] (Online: JSTOR)