All medieval kings faced problems from ambitious and unruly barons. How, and how successfully, did these three cope with those problems: Henry III, Henry V, and Henry VII?
Henry III had to deal with barons that wanted to have a direct influence on the rule of England. This conflict reached its climax when Simon de Montfort led a rebellion against Henry III. The barons believed that they had the right to influence the rule of England because when Henry was younger, they had held a lot of power. As Henry grew and came of age, he started to show more and more that he wished to have absolute rule. As in many of the other cases such as Richard II, when you try to take away power from nobles who previously had a hand in running the country, problems and tensions arise.
It is highly unlikely that Henry could done much to prevent violent conflict. Parliament was far in the future, and it was accepted throughout Europe that a monarch should have supreme rule.
Henry was forced to put down Simon de Montfort's rebellion with the help of his son Edward. Another way he could ease tensions between himself and the barons was by reconfirming Magna Carta. This would be used in the future as well, by other kings to try and appease unruly subjects.
A rather different approach to gaining favor with the nobility was used by Henry V. He used the wars in France to instill a feeling of nationalism in his subjects. And especially because he had victories, the barons liked him. By this time, it had become customary for kings to call Parliament when they wanted to raise taxes for a war. By using parliament, Henry V was able to finance his campaigns without a large threat of rebellion by the nobility because they were granting him the funds. It is possible that had he lived a little longer and suffered some defeats, his support would have been damaged and Parliament, which had just started to get annoyed with financing the war in France, would have cut him off. But in general, he was well liked by his nobility for being a strong and successful king in fighting the French.
Henry VII had a completely different situation altogether. He came to power at the end of the Wars of the Roses. All the really rich, powerful, and important nobles that had given the last few kings such big headaches were dead. And, in order to keep new ones from showing up and challenging his power, Henry VII was very stingy with giving out lands or titles. He was, however, very generous with attainders, which allowed him to increase his own wealth and power at the expense of the nobility. Henry VII was able to consolidate royal power and maintain financial security. This is what allowed him to be fairly independent of the nobility. This is not to say he really had their support. Lots of nobles really didn't like him. They thought he was a cheap, stingy tyrant, but he had the power and was able to keep hold on it.
There are other small things that each one of these kings did not do to irritate the nobility. One is, that none of these monarchs was completely incompetent, such as Edward II or Henry VI. Second, none of them bestowed favor on any one noble, which created feelings of hostility in the others. None of them had to worry about serious religious conflict, such as between Protestants and Catholics. And only Henry VII had to worry slightly about rivals to the throne; which I don't think were very serious and Henry VII was able to get rid of them quickly and efficiently. In each of their own ways, these three kings were successful in keeping the trouble with the nobility pretty much under control.
An A grade examination answer for a number of reasons.
First of all, it answers the question. Every single statement is addressed to the topic in hand.
Secondly, it is well-informed. It not only deals with all the kings referred to in the question, but also brings in relevant information on Edward II and Henry VI.
Third, it is well organized - It deals with each of the three kings in order, and then has a final paragraph summing up facts that related to all three of them.
Finally, it is clearly expressed: at no point is the reader in any doubt about what is meant.
NB Simplicity and relevance are winning virtues in an examination essay